Features of growing daffodils
Perennial daffodil with a long cultural history, which has many varieties blooming annually, will be able to decorate any home or garden. It is unpretentious, however, requires careful care. Knowing and following some rules, it will not be difficult to grow these beautiful flowers, even for beginner gardeners.
Daffodil is a plant of the amaryllis family from China. Care for it must be approached with all responsibility, not forgetting that you need to choose the right soil, environment, watering method. Otherwise, the plant will not be able to open completely and die quickly. The most common type is tatsetovidny.
Did you know? In England, there is a belief: a person who is the first to notice a daffodil blossoming in early spring will spend the whole year without material problems.
Outdoor planting and care
You need to plant daffodils in fertile soil saturated with humus. The place should be chosen so that the wind does not blow in, but the rays of the sun fall - so reproduction will take place more actively. Penumbra landing is allowed. The plant does not tolerate frosts, because in winter it is worth either digging it out and moving it to the house, or insulating it with burdock leaves.
Planting daffodils is recommended in August or early autumn (early September). This is the optimal time, but, thanks to its unpretentiousness, you can plant them also in the spring (early April). The main thing to monitor the temperature: the flower does not like cold, because planting in the winter is undesirable.
Important! To prevent the development of fungal diseases, the flower bulbs are soaked before planting in a solution of potassium permanganate (Dilute 4 crystals of potassium permanganate in a liter of water and place the plant there for 1 hour).
Before planting a daffodil, it is necessary to add humus, peat or clay (in the proportions of 1: 2) to the soil. Thanks to this, flowers will grow and multiply more actively. At the bottom of the pit, add 5 cm of sand and slightly push each bulb into it. This will provide a strong boost to growth and protect the shoots from pest attacks in the first seasons of life.
For rapid growth, an air temperature of about + 13 ° C is required. For the supply of nutrients in the winter, so that the flowers quickly grow stronger in the spring, it is recommended that the temperature not exceed + 9 ° C, but not lower than 0 ° C. In spring they should be kept warm and in the sun. A very windy and cold place is contraindicated.
To plant flowers from a pot into the ground, you need to follow a few simple rules:
- Plants from the pot should be planted in the prepared soil, at partial shade, since the flower standing in the house is not used to direct sunlight and will quickly burn out.
- Do not plant them next to a large number of bushes and trees, otherwise the inflorescences will be small, and the flowering time will be reduced, since daffodils need a lot of free space to grow.
- You can not plant them in a place where groundwater is near: the soil should not be flooded from the inside, otherwise the risk of developing fungal diseases will increase.
Soil cultivation and watering
After planting and adding peat, the soil between all the shoots should be carefully loosened.Watering is necessary for the entire length of the roots. That is, pour as much as the earth and flowers will take. But you can’t fill it, otherwise the plant will disappear: 100 ml per one bush is enough. After flowering, watering should continue until winter.
Did you know? According to the flower language, daffodils are deciphered as "selfishness" or "fruitless expectation."
The first year you should not feed the plants, because in this first flowering cycle they will use their own reserves, and already further, in other periods, take them from the outside. Fertilize daffodils can be nitrate with ammonia, potassium, phosphorus. Manure cannot be added, since the bulbs from this will deteriorate and rot.
You can not pull out foliage near the bulb with your hands. You need to take a knife or secateurs and carefully cut off the wilted parts of the flower. It is also forbidden to remove and touch green leaves - this can adversely affect the bulb of the plant, which accumulates useful substances through the aboveground part as well.
Growing at home
It is very simple to grow beautiful house daffodils at home, with the help of a small pot and a pair of bulbs, knowing just a few rules. The main thing is to choose the right container so that the colors are not crowded. You also need to carefully observe the necessary planting and watering scheme. Not forgetting all this, as well as about timely pruning, the daffodil will bloom for a very long time.
To plant the bulb, you need to choose a small pot or any glass container so that the plant fits tightly into it. If the roots fit too closely together, you need to find a larger capacity. The right choice of pot is very important: a very tight place will prevent the flower from growing. An excessively free capacity is also undesirable: excess land will absorb all the liquid and useful trace elements, which may cause the plant to die.
To put a flower in a pot, you need to follow a few simple steps:
- Take a small pot.
- Place the bulbs in the container, sprinkle with top and side ground.
- Press a little. Land can be taken ordinary, garden.
- Pour so that the whole earth is wet: the bulbs will quickly absorb all the water.
- Put the pot on the windowsill to the sun, at partial shade.
Watering is necessary every three days, but a little bit, since these flowers do not tolerate much excess moisture and can die. If the daffodil is still very young and small, 150 ml for one watering will be enough for him. The stronger the plant grows, the more moisture it will need. The maximum amount of water at a time should not exceed 300 ml.
Carefully, holding the plant at the root, you need to cut off the entire lifeless part. The main thing is not to touch the bulb, so that in the future it continues to develop, and the plant itself - to delight with its flowering. It is necessary to maintain it with gloves, and after cutting, water and fertilize the flower. This will provide a certain supply of nutrients so that the narcissus quickly recovers.
Important! Pruning can be carried out only after the end of the flowering period and complete yellowing of the foliage.
Why daffodil does not bloom
There are several reasons why a plant may not bloom:
- Too many or few useful substances. In order to avoid such a situation, it is important not to fertilize the plant at all for the first year, and after that - only do this in the spring.
- Early cut the leaves. It is worth waiting until the entire part turns yellow to the end, and only then start pruning.
- Little light. You can not plant flowers in full shadow. It is worth replanting the bulbs in an open and warm area.
Video: why daffodil does not bloom
Daffodils are unusually bright plants, and therefore they can often be found both in homes and in gardens. But, in order for them to please their flowering for more than one year, they need to be carefully looked after: in time to water, feed and trim.