Growing and caring for hydrangea Bouquet Rose
Breeders regularly work on new, unusual varieties of hydrangea. Throughout the world, gardeners decorate their garden plots with the fruits of their labors. We began to use this flower in landscape design recently. One of the popular varieties is Hydrangea Bouquet Rose. How to grow it and how to care for it will be described later.
Description of hydrangea Bouquet Rose
Due to the long flowering, this variety is most in demand among gardeners. With it, you can create unusual floral arrangements. Hydrangea Bouquet Rose (lat. Hydrangea macrophylla Bouquet Rose) - a tall plant (100-130 cm). In containers, the flower is much lower - 50-60 cm.
Green egg-shaped leaves are formed on the stem. The length of each leaf is 10–17 cm, the width is 4.5–7.5 cm. The upper side of the leaf plate is slightly rough, with whitish infrequent hairs, and the lower part is velvety-rough. In the fall, the color does not change.
Inflorescences are hemispherical with a diameter of 12–25 cm. Blossom from June to September. The color of the inflorescences depends on the acidity of the soil and varies from pink on the soil with neutral acidity to lilac or pale lavender on an acidic substrate. The rhizome is branched, actively forms root offspring and greatly expands in breadth.
Did you know? In the language of flowers, hydrangea speaks of restraint and frugality.
Use in landscape design
A large-leaved variety of hydrangea is actively used as decoration of sites. Methods of application are the most diverse:
- Like a tapeworm. Looks great for decorating flower beds or in single plantings
- Group landings. Bouquet Rose is a beautiful flower that will successfully compete for the title of favorite in the flower garden.
- Contrast Compositions. During the flowering period, it emphasizes the strength and nobility of conifers.
- Hedge. A tall large-leaf flower is able to fulfill such a role. Bushes are planted at a distance of 80-100 cm.
Observing the basic rules of planting, even an inexperienced amateur can grow a colorful flower on his site.
Planting varieties Bouquet Rose is carried out in early spring or autumn. In cold regions, it is preferable to plant in the spring, so that the plant has time to take root and can tolerate harsh winter conditions.
Site selection and soil preparation
If the gardener liked the Bouquet Rose description of hydrangea, he should take into account that you can get a similar plant only in slightly shaded, dimly lit areas. Necessarily need protection from wind and drafts.
Important! In soil rich in nitrogen, the hydrangea trunk will acquire the properties of wood, and the flower will not mature well.
Young bushes should be protected from the midday sun without fail. Hydrangea likes acidic or slightly acidic soil with good drainage. In lime-rich soil, the flower will not grow. To get the color, the soil is diluted with peat and watered with acidic water.
The optimal composition for hydrangea will be:
- humus - 2 parts;
- sheet land - 2 parts;
- peat - 1 part;
- sand - 1 part.
For planting, dig a hole measuring 30 × 30 × 30. A distance of 100-150 cm should remain between neighboring plants. The roots of the seedling are slightly shortened. Annual shoots are cut into 3-4 buds. Humus and peat are poured into the pit, a bush is placed, carefully spreading the roots.
The root neck should not be deeply buried, it should be located at ground level. After planting, the soil is moistened and loosened. It is better to use well-maintained, soft water. From above, the soil is mulched with peat and humus.
Compliance with the basic rules of planting and further care will ensure the successful existence of the ornamental shrub for more than one year. It is worth remembering that care must be permanent.
Watering and fertilizer
Soil moisture is important for hydrangea - these flowers are very picky about watering. Moisture deficiency at the time of inflorescence growth can cause their deformation. If the days were not rainy, the bushes should be watered every 7–10 days (15–20 liters per bush).
Important! To increase the strength of the shoots, the bushes are watered with a weak solution of manganese.
With good rainfall, it is enough to moisten the soil once a month. For irrigation, it is better to use standing water or rain. Citric acid or vinegar can be added to tap water. If this rule is not followed, hydrangea may develop chlorosis.
Hydrangea responds well to top dressing. In the spring, at the beginning of active growth, for the formation of green mass, fertilizer with macroelements or a mullein solution can be applied. The second top dressing is carried out during the budding period.
Use phosphorus-potassium fertilizers (60–80 g of superphosphate and 40–45 g of potassium sulfate per 1 m²). Ready-made preparations for such a culture can be used. During the summer period, they feed twice more.
In early spring, when the leaves begin to develop, all weak, dried, broken and frozen shoots are cut. Low pruning is not recommended because flower buds can be cut.
As soon as the cold sets in, do not immediately remove the faded inflorescences. This work is best done in the spring, when the frosts pass. The bottom line is that in winter this part of the flower is able to protect the vegetative beginnings from the cold.
Frost resistance of the variety and whether it is necessary to cover
Hydrangea Bouquet Rose is not a winter-hardy variety, therefore, it needs protection from the cold. In September, leaves are torn off at the bottom of the stem. In October, the shoot is exposed to the middle. 10 l of peat are poured under each plant.
After the leaves fall, the flower branches are tied and wrapped in non-woven material. If grown in a container, it is taken to a room with a temperature of -3 ... + 5 ° C. From the bottom, the pots are insulated with fallen dry foliage or special heaters. The bushes remaining on the street can be covered with a layer of earth with foliage (spud). Near the bush, it is advisable to install wooden boxes, run the stems through them and press them to the soil.
Important! They remove the shelter after the threat of night frosts passes and the weather is warm.
Shoots are wrapped with insulation in several layers and wrapped with a film. So that the shelter does not open from the winds, it is pressed to the ground with stones. After removing the insulation, the shoots are straightened and, if necessary, tied to props.
Video: two ways to shelter large-leaved hydrangea for the winter
Propagating hydrangea Rose Bouquet can be in various ways. Each of them has its own characteristics.
Material for propagation is prepared in advance: in April - June. From the maternal crown, annual branches 10–12 cm long are cut off at right angles. The leaves are removed from the bottom, treated with a growth stimulant and placed in a fertile substrate.
Cuttings can be carried out in winter. To do this, in October, the mother plant is dug up and placed in a container. The container is placed in a room with a temperature of 0 ... + 2 ° C. In January, temperature indicators increase to + 7 ... + 10 ° C. In February, the shoots ripen, and cuttings are cut from them.
Did you know? Gardeners in Asia call hydrangea the "purple sun."
Each should have 2 internodes. The lower leaves are removed from the branch, and the upper leaves are cut into ½ leaf plate. The lower part of the handle is treated with a growth stimulant and planted in containers with a nutrient substrate. Next, seedlings are covered (glass or plastic containers).
The main advantage of this method is the ability to cuttings in the winter, that is, you can plant a young bush in the spring, and it will have time to take root before winter.The disadvantages of the method almost no one notes.
Did you know? Indian legend has it that hydrangea flowers showered from heaven on Buddha’s birthday.
In early spring, the lower shoots of hydrangea are sprinkled with humus and watered. During the summer, roots will appear on the stems, and in the fall they can already be separated from the mother bush and transplanted to a permanent place. The main advantage of this method is its simplicity. The main disadvantage of the method is its low productivity.
Hydrangea is propagated infrequently in a seed way. Planting material is purchased in specialized stores. Landing begins in September - October.
For sowing prepare the substrate:
- sheet land - 4 parts;
- peat - 2 parts;
- sand - 1 part.
Seeds are sown in prepared containers and sprinkled with earth on top. Cover with a "dome" (transparent film, glass). In order for the seeds to germinate, it is necessary to withstand the temperature + 14 ... + 20 ° C. Every day, the shelter is cleaned for 20-30 minutes, so that the landing is ventilated. The soil is moistened by spraying. In 1–1.5 months, seedlings will appear. When the first 2 leaves appear, seedlings are dived.
The next time the seedlings are transplanted in early May. The main drawback of this method is the fact that the seeds do not fully convey maternal properties. They also contain pollinator genes. In addition, seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place after 2 years, and seeds can be purchased only in special nurseries. Among the advantages can be noted the productivity of the method.
Diseases and Pests
To save the beauty of hydrangea Bouquet Rose, you need to learn how to take action in time to combat harmful insects and diseases.
Most often, the flower suffers from such problems:
- Aphid. You can fight with the help of the preparations "Actellik" and "Fitoverm". But the most effective is Spark. One tablet is diluted in a bucket of water and the plants and soil are treated with the resulting solution. This dose is enough for 10 m².
- Spider mite. It strikes a leaf plate, covering it with a brown web. Then the foliage turns yellow, dries and falls. Helps fight the pest Thiophos. Dosage: 6 g per 10 l of water.
- Powdery mildew. You can treat the bush with a solution of Bordeaux liquid. But the preparations “Topaz” (4 ml per bucket of water) or “Skor” (2 ml per 10 l of water) are more effective.
- Chlorosis. Appears when growing hydrangeas in alkaline soil. When a plant is affected, the leaf plate becomes light green, becomes stained, the ovaries become smaller and fall off. The treatment consists in feeding the bush with copper sulfate, sulfate or iron chelate.
Hydrangea Rose Bouquet is not as finicky as it might seem at first. A little care - and in the garden, anyone will receive a magnificent plant that will delight with its flowering for more than one year.