Panicle hydrangea: planting and flower care in Siberia
The impressive spectacular panicle hydrangea inflorescences do not leave indifferent any grower. Everyone would like to see such a flower necklace on their flowerbed. But in order to get an opportunity to admire such beauty, it is worth making some efforts, because culture has its own vagaries - especially when it comes to cultivating it in Siberian conditions. How to grow panicle hydrangea in Siberia, read on.
The best varieties of panicle hydrangea for Siberia
Varietal variety of panicled hydrangeas is ideally suited for agricultural technology at low temperatures, since these flowers are characterized by good frost resistance. Moreover, their impressive size inflorescences of an elongated shape and attractive colors are widely popular in the decorations of park and garden areas.
Did you know? The Japanese call hydrangea the word Adzisai, which translates as "a flower that resembles a purple sun."
Florists of Siberia are recommended to give preference to the following varieties of panicled flower:
- Vanilla Fresh;
- Medical Flute;
- Pink Diamond;
- Sandai Fresh;
- Medical Fire.
Bobo, Vanilla and Sandai Fresh are dwarf varietal varieties whose growth is not more than one meter. All the rest can form impressive shrubs up to 10 m high.
When to plant
Transplanting panicle varieties of panicle varieties of hydrangeas into open ground in the Siberian climate has its own characteristics. And first of all, this concerns the time of the procedure: the tree is transplanted in the last days of spring or with the onset of summer (end of May - first week of June). Flowers growing in containers can be planted throughout the entire period when the growing season takes place, by way of transshipment together with an earthen lump.
The procedure for planting a crop in Siberia will not require special efforts from the gardener, since it includes the same steps as with any other flower, namely, choosing a seat, digging and preparing a hole.
Important! Do not plant hydrangea on alkaline soils, as it will not take root well, grow slowly. Will suffer and its decorative qualities, which will be manifested by shredded flowers, twisted foliage, weakened shoots.
Hydrangea has its own requirements for the landing site. The place should be protected from piercing Siberian winds and drafts. Panicled varieties do not like direct sunlight, so they need to provide conditions for growing in partial shade. Open areas should be avoided. It is best to choose places under walls or fences for culture.
As for the type of soil, preference should be given to slightly or medium acid soils, which should include turf land, peat, humus, leaves and sand. Increasing the acidity of the soil will help the introduction of pine needles into the hole.
After choosing a seat, you should start preparing the hole, which includes the following steps:
- Direct digging. If the seedlings are medium in size, then the parameters of the pits for planting should be 50 × 50 cm, for large seedlings - 80 × 80 cm. The standard depth is 60 cm.
- Pouring wells with water. Each will need 3 buckets. All this is left for one night, so that the liquid is completely absorbed into the ground.
- Preparation of the substrate. The nutrient mixture should include parts of turf land, humus, sand, peat in the proportions of 2: 2: 1: 1 and fertilizers (20 g of urea, 20 g of potassium and 60 superphosphate).
- Preparing a seedling for planting. Shoots are cut to the level of 5-6 buds, small roots are also shortened.
- Putting a seedling in a new place and filling the hole with substrate. The root neck of the plant should be above the top soil layer.
Caring for hydrangea in Siberia is essentially no different from growing it in any other regions. Mandatory items - watering, mulching the trunk circle, cutting and fertilizing procedures.
The flower in question is extremely fond of moisture, and therefore, needs regular watering. As a rule, hydrangea is watered twice every 7 days. The flower grower must ensure that the earth around the hydrangea is always moist. So, if the weather is dry for a long time, it is worth moisturizing the culture daily. The optimal amount of fluid for one plant is 10 liters.
Important! Hydrangea will please with its especially lush and spectacular inflorescences, if you will periodically (for example, 1 time in 2 weeks) add potassium permanganate (1 g per 1 liter) to the irrigation liquid.
Covering the soil with mulch is a mandatory measure of caring for panicled varietal varieties of culture growing in Siberia, since mulch is responsible for the function of preserving moisture in the soil layer. Mulching the soil around the plant trunk is recommended using wood chips, peat chips, needles or foliage. The mulch layer should be about 10 cm thick.
Giving panicled varieties of hydrangeas a good decorative shape is carried out by regular pruning. Spring procedures include shortening last year's shoots by a third of the length. Damaged, weak branches, as well as those that grow inside the bush, completely eliminate.
Important! Until the plant is 3-4 years old, cutting it is prohibited.
Young is not worth touching. In autumn, it is worth removing all the inflorescences that have bloomed. If the bush is no longer young, then in autumn all its shoots need to be shortened so that their length does not exceed 5-6 cm above the soil level.
In order for the plant to feel good, grow qualitatively and flourish abundantly, it must be fertilized regularly.
If in warm regions feeding is done twice a season, then in harsh Siberian conditions, the plant needs to be fed 4 times:
- In early spring, approximately the beginning - mid-May. For each 1 m² of area, urea (20–25 g), superphosphate (about 30 g) and potassium sulfate (20 g) are added. After 2 weeks, the fertilizer is repeated with these substances.
- In the period of budding. They feed the crop at the same time as watering. Superphosphate (70–80 g) and potassium sulfate (about 50 g) are diluted in 10 liters of water, and the bush is watered with this nutrient solution.
- After flowering, a certain amount of manure or humus (6-7 kg) is placed under each bush.
When to transplant in Siberia
Transplanting hydrangea seedlings in Siberia is permissible when the street is late spring. The optimal time is mid-May: the soil layer over the spring months warms up and thaws.
The most popular methods of propagation of panicled hydrangea in Siberia are considered to be cuttings and sowing of seeds. The first method is preferable, as it allows you to quickly get the result.
Did you know? Hydrangea was named after the sister of the French explorer - Prince Nassau-Siegen, who participated in a worldwide expedition led by Louis Antoine de Bougainville. Prince all the time he told his comrades about the indescribable beauty of his sister Hydrangeastherefore, seeing a beautiful flower in the Mauritius Islands, they are decided to name him after the girl.
Cuttings are preferably carried out at a time when the plant is actively flowering. Leafy cuttings with two to three buds are cut from the bush. To do this, you should choose the side shoots from last year's growth. Petioles are placed for two hours in a growth stimulator (for example, “Heteroauxin” or “Kornevin”).
Rooting should be carried out in open ground, but it is recommended to cover future seedlings with a film. For the winter, young plants are moved to a special container, and then transported to closed, cool conditions. A seedling transplant should be carried out only in the late spring of next year.
A seed for cultivating hydrangea seedlings at home should be purchased in a specialized store.
Did you know? The blue color of hydrangea inflorescences is explained by the fact that the culture is able to absorb aluminum contained in acidic soils.
Next, you must adhere to the following steps:
- Before sowing, the purchased seed must be disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or vitriol.
- It is preferable to sow seeds in February, before they should be germinated (put on wet gauze or cotton wool and wait until they swell).
- While the seed sprouts, you need to prepare a substrate from the same parts of leafy land, peat and sand. The substrate is placed in a container and seeds are placed on top of it, which are sprinkled with sand a little. Then the container is covered with a film or glass.
- Twice a week, planting material must be watered from a spray bottle, making sure that there is no excessive moisture.
- The first shoots will begin after 3-4 weeks. When the second leaves appear on the seedlings, they can be dived into separate containers.
- Only after 2 years, seedlings grown from seed can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Preparation for the Siberian winter
Preparation of garden panicle hydrangea for Siberian winters has its own characteristics. Even if you planted the most frost-resistant panicle hydrangea on your plot, it will not be able to survive the harsh Siberian winter unless you cover it and carry out step-by-step procedures for preparing for the cold period.
Before the start of frost and snow, it is worth taking the following steps:
- Hilling the plant with soil and mulching the trunk circle. It is recommended to use rotted manure, peat, needles, dry foliage as mulch.
- Covering shrubs with burlap or agrofiber. The branches of the plant should be bent to the ground and fixed. Then lay a layer of covering material, and sprinkle on top the so-called. heating materials (spruce branches, dry foliage, sawdust). For large bushes, it is worth forming a wire frame shelter - a kind of hut, which should rise 10 cm above the ground. The space in it is filled with leaves and covered with a film.
- With the advent of snow, it is worth making a snowdrift around the shrub, performing both protective and moisturizing functions.
So, hydrangeas can grow even in Siberia - you just need to provide this attractive garden flower with good care and follow all the rules of agricultural technology. In general, they are similar to those that operate in warm regions, just have their own characteristics.